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Nagaland Overview

Nagaland as a state was born on 1st December, 1963 and is located in extremely northern east part just below Arunachal Pradesh. Kohima town is the capital of this state, while Dimapur is the largest city. The state is bordered by Assam on the West, and Manipur in the South. Nagaland, one of the seven sisters of India, is mostly covered by high-altitude mountains. It receives heavy rainfall during the months of monsoon and average rainfall, intermittently, throughout the year. This is an amazing destination for adventure-seekers and professional climbers or trekkers. The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes - Ao, Angami, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sumi, Chakhesang, Khiamniungan, Dimasa Kachari, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam, Yimchunger, Kuki, Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang) and Pochury as well as a number of sub-tribes. Nagaland, is one of the three states of India, where Christianity is largely followed. The languages primarily spoken are English, Konyak Angami, Ao, Lodh and Seema. Nagaland, is famous internationally due to World War II, because it is here where British and Indian troops halted the Japanese advancements. Naga tribes have political and socio-economic links with tribes in Assam and Myanmar, and even today a large population of Naga tribe inhabit Assam. Agriculture is the mainstay of occupation, with 90% of population working in the sector. It makes for the main source of economy in these regions. Forestry and cottage industries also make up for an important source of income. Tourism is also blooming, but at a slow pace, due to it geographical location and isolation, also the political instability on the state. The staple food of Nagas is rice and it is eaten with meat or vegetables. Meat could range from mithun, cats, dog, crabs, spiders to elephant, which is a delicacy. No part of the animal is wasted, it is either eaten or preserved to make something else, like animal skin is used to make shields. Meat and vegetable is cooked together and food is generally boiled. Rice beer is the main drink and is generally of three kinds; viz, Ruhi, Zutho and Dzutse.

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