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Haryana Overview

Haryana is a North Indian state and it was bifurcated from Punjab state, based on the language. It is the twenty-first biggest state by land area and eighteenth most densely populated state in the country. It is one among the most thriftily developed areas in South Asia. Although the Haryanvi language is not recognized as the official language by the state administration, it is the unofficial mother tongue of the state. Hindi is the second language of the state. Chandigarh is the capital of the state; it is the governing capital of Punjab as well. Chandigarh is also a Union Territory of India, which means it is run and governed by the central power. Most parts of Haryana are covered with thorny shrubs and arid, deciduous forest. Most hills are wrapped by grasses during the monsoon season. The state is an abode of well-known herbal trees, including eucalyptus, and other trees, such as mulberry, kikar, pine, babul, and shisham. It is also an abode of over 450 bird species and other fauna species, like nilgai, black buck, panther, mongoose, fox, wild dog, and jackal. Haryana is believed to be the home turf of Hindu relegion. The Manu, lawgiver in the Indian mythology, designated Haryana as Brahmavart from where Brahmanical religion and other social system originated, and then widely spread outward throughout the country. The battle of Mahabharata was fought in Kurukshetra, between Pandavas and Kauravas, during which Lord Krishna delivered one of the most important learning from the celestial sermon of the Bhagwat Geeta. Haryana has been a land fought for and by many invaders. The battle of Panipat being one the greatest battles ever fought in the country. Haryana's economy mostly depends on manufacturing, business processes, outsourcing, manufacturing and retail. Since 1970, the manufacturing and agricultural industries have experienced a continuous growth and it has developed as the major beneficiary of outlay per capita in the country since 2000. Haryana is an agricultural state and so its cuisine is also simple. Chaas, lassi and angakda of this state are famous throughout the country. Haryanavi cuisine mainly comprises of dishes made with various grains. Haryana people celebrate the festival of Lohri with deep religious fervor. It marks the beginning of one of the state's most important season - the harvesting season.

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