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Bihar Overview

Bihar is the thirteenth biggest state of India concerning land area and third biggest when it comes to population. Earlier, Bihar was considered a hub of learning, power, and culture in classical and ancient India. Most parts of the state is covered by forests that contribute 7.2% of its geological area. Roughly, 58% of the population of the state is less than 25-years age, which is the highest percentage in the country. The languages, primarily, spoken are Hindi, Maithali and Bhopuri. Bihar was once home to Aryans, who came from Central Asia and entered this province around 600 years before the Christ. Great sage Agastya, was the first one to cross the river Gandak and burn down Dandakaranya. Bihar is the birthplace of Buddhism and Jainism, it was here, Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment. Hinduism and Sikhism are also widely spread throughout the land of Bihar. According to the history of Jainism and Buddhism, all 16 Mahajan Padas flourished in Bihar, during 6th century BC. Bihar was the centre of first republic of the world, Vaishali and city of Pataliputra were the largest and the grandest cities in the country. Anga, Rajgriha, Nalanda and Mithila, are some of the few cities that knit the history of ancient India. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in this state. Principal food grains are wheat, maize, paddy and pulses. The state is equipped with good roads, railways, and even airports, which are located in Patna and Gaya but the present image of the state doesn't allow it to be a frontrunner in attracting tourists. The cuisine of Bihar has been heavily influenced by both, North and East side of India. Rice, pulses, and roti make up for the staple diet, while Sattu, made from gram powder, is an exclusive item. The basic breakfast comprises of Chura-dahi with sugar or jaggery. The people of the state also relish sea food. Patna Qalam and Mithila paintings are some of the most popular and impressive crafts of Bihar.

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