THE DISCOVERY OF INDIA
Title of the Book : Discovery of India Author : Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru Pages : 568 Indian Price : Rs. 100 Only SBN : 19 561322 8 First Published in : 1946 By The Signet press, Calcutta This impression : Twenty-second 2002 Published By : Oxford University Press By Jawaharlal Nehru memorial Fund Language : English
About the Author : A charismatic nationalist leader, Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) Indian nationalist leader and statesman fought for Indian independence from British rule for nearly three decades beginning in the late 1910s. He was deeply involved in the political opposition and was imprisoned numerous times for civil disobedience. The nationalist movement achieved its goal when India gained its freedom at midnight on August 14, 1947. Upon Britain’s withdrawal, Nehru became independent India’s first prime minister (1947-1964) and a leader of the Nonaligned Movement during the Cold War. Jawaharlal nehru wrote his major books, Toward Freedom (1936), an autobiography; The Discovery of India (1946); and Glimpses of World History (1934), a series of letters to his daughter, Indira. He was a talented and expressive writer in English, and he and Indias freedom struggle became more widely known through the extensive circulation of his writings in the West.
About the Book
“When to the sessions of sweet silent thought I summon up remembrance of things past.’’
The Discovery of India was written by Indias first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru during his imprisonment in 1942-1946 at Ahmednagar fort. Nehru was jailed for his participation in the Quit India movement along with other Indian leaders, and he used this time to write down his thoughts and learning about Indias history. Discovery of India is widely regarded as a classic in India, and provides a concise precise of Indian history, philosophy and culture as viewed from the eyes of a liberal Indian fighting for independence of his country. It was then published in 1946 and has since acquired the status of a classic. The story of Discovery of India begins from prehistory to the last years of British colonial rule; some of the greatest heroes of India are mentioned. Analyzing texts from the Vedas to the Upanishads, and epics such as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, and personalities like the Buddha and Mahatma Gandhi, Mr. Nehru brings to life of our reviewers recommend us an ancient culture and land that has been the base and headquarters of some of the worlds great traditions of philosophy, science and art, and almost all its major religions.
BADENWEILER, LAUSANNE of the Discovery of India is about the relationship with his wife, her death, and his thoughts of death. These are the two clues from the book that give us a very good idea about Jawaharlal Nehru, not as the prime minister of India, but as a human being.
The quest: From here the very essence of the Discovery of India begins. The panorama of his past, the search for India, the BHARAT MATA, the variety and unity of India and all these reflect the beauty and glory of the Indian civilization. The glory of the Indian civilization, can never be equaled in any way by the modern society of our country. Actually this was the Discovery of India from the minds of the author. Here, we will not come across a bunch of facts, about Indian history, to recollect all the years and names. But Discovery of India combines that with the visions of the author, so here we are enlightened by the knowledge on the culture and tradition on India and at the same time, we are not going to be starved of our enthusiasm. And the whole written and unwritten history if India is given in Discovery of India. The Indus valley civilization, the coming of the Aryans, Hinduism, caste system, the continuity of the great Indian culture, is in the book (Discovery of India). The epics, The MAHABHARATA, the BHAGAVAT GITA, BUDDHA, ASHOKA and through all the people, the Discovery of India has the contemporary records of the time, we can get a complete picture of India through the ages.
The dawn of the medieval period, and the golden era of the Guptas. Discovery of India gives a good insight of India’s foreign relationships with the people of Iran, Greece. Then there is the answer to the most perplexing question of Buddhism in India.
Through the arabs, the Mongols we come to the golden time of the mughal empire. And the lives of babar, akhbar, the Marathas, all flash before our eyes, as we are led to the colonial times of the British rule, with all the minute details. The path takes through the times when the British came as traders to India and later went to built a colonial empire. Discovery of India gives us a beautiful insight into the friendship between Gandhiji and Nehru, the role of Gandhiji, M. A. Jinnah, the coming of the second world war and the final phase of the freedom movement after the war. Mr. Nehrus narration of history and knowledge about India is excellent. Writing with pride about his motherland, he does not mince his words. Whilst singing the praises of his peoples successes and great heritage, he also acknowledges their failures and weaknesses. His intense dislike for British rule comes through and it is his hope for India that prevails. At times, Discovery of India is also autobiographical and for anyone at all interested in the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty of today, Discovery of India serves to provide the reader with the story of one of its founding members. This only adds to the uniqueness of the book (Discovery of India) and makes it even more of an enjoyable read for the author has put a little of himself in Discovery of India- on of the most important ingredients of writing anything at all. At times, one feels that Mr. Nehru has just stopped by for a chat in your living room. The style of writing is such that you never feel that he is lecturing you or even teaching you. He is but discussing with you your heritage and really his abilities here show an in depth understanding of how to tell a story without sounding deadly dull.
To read The Discovery of India is to more than discover just India. Not limited to information about the subcontinent as it is today, the discovery foes from the world from Plato, Emerson, the history of lands like Afghanistan, Chinas ancient trade links with India and so much more. It is to venture into a discovery of the world itself. Discovery of India makes a person have inner knowledge and pride that he originates from so wonderful a land.
When one reads a book, there must be a purpose to this exercise - be it for entertainment, pleasure, knowledge or curiosity. In reading The Discovery of India one is given the chance of experiencing all of these at once. Nehru described prison as the best of universities, because during his several prison stints for civil disobedience he was able to focus on his studies and writings on political philosophy. We also have some visuals, based on this book (discovery of India) “Bharat Ek Khoj” is the name of a TV series based on Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Indias first Prime Minister Discovery of India. This TV series (video tapes are available in the US and India and this is a very good source of magnificent Indian history, about the glorious past of India, so as the title of this book “The Discovery of India”.