Gujarat, the birth place of Father of India, is one of those cities that is marked and renowned for many beginnings in early age of India. Its boundaries are shared with Pakistan in the North, Rajasthan in the Northeast, Madhya Pradesh in the Southeast, Maharashtra in South and the enormous Arabian Sea in the West. It is the only state to have the longest coastline and thus have immense economic value at the same time.Gandhinagar is the state capital, but major economic sources are Ahmadabad and Surat. Gujarat derives its name from Gujjaratta, which means land of Gujjars (supposedly a subtribe of Huns) those migrated during 5th century AD.The capital is Gandhinagar that is located on the outskirts of the north-central of Ahmadabad (former capital) and is the biggest city in the state, which is one of the most important centres for textiles in India. Gujarat being surrounded by various states with differential climates, favours numerous types of agricultural growth.This makes it the most industrialised state in India, with added importance from minerals produced in the Earth, like bauxite, clay, dolomite, agate, kaolin, lignite, etc. The Gulf of Kambhat, still, remains the largest site for the extraction of crude oil and petroleum.